Environment Mainstreaming Action Plan
This mainstreaming action plan was commissioned by Agri-TAF to enable environment and climate change analysis to be integrated into sector projects, programmes, plans and policies. It identifies climate and environmental risks, and the provisions necessary to ensure that sector activities are environmentally sustainable, climate resilient and contribute to low carbon development pathways.
The relationship between climate change, environment and sector development is complex. Environmental degradation can affect the availability of ecosystem services critical to agriculture through pollution, land degradation and over-harvesting of natural resources. At the same time, climate change exacerbates trends in environmental degradation with more intense rainfall, longer and more frequent droughts, shifts in seasons, increased temperatures. Reducing GHG emissions is therefore important in mitigating the effects of climate change.
Mainstreaming helps to identify, avoid and mitigate any harmful impacts of agricultural development on the environment and climate. It recognises that agriculture can cause significant environmental degradation (e.g. from cultivation of steep slopes, expansion into wetlands and forests, depletion of water resources from irrigation and contamination of water bodies through to the use of agrochemicals) and contributes to greenhouse gas emissions which arise from ruminant livestock and rice fields (methane), land conversion and clearance of natural vegetation (carbon dioxide) as well as carbon released from the soil due to tillage.