Project Document on the A-WEAI

Summary:

Rwanda’s National Gender Policy requires all sectors to have a gender mainstreaming strategy. The Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI) developed its Gender Strategy in 2010 with a view to ensuring that both men and women get equal access and opportunities in agriculture related interventions. Different interventions were designed to implement the above-mentioned strategy. However, statistics still show persistent gender gaps e.g. access to different inputs and services by men and women in agriculture, women poverty status, etc. but very few go further and analyse the underlying disempowering factors.

The WEAI was designed by IFPRI to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector. It was first used by USAID under its Feed the Future Programme, with the support of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). In 2014, USAID prepared a baseline report on this index in 13 of its 19 Feed the Future (FTF) countries. Rwanda was one of these and all 30 Districts were covered except those in Kigali. As the results for Rwanda seem overly positive due to the weighting of a land rights related measure, Agri-TAF undertook an analysis of how to apply the abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI) differently to get more useful results to inform policies, strategies, and plans. The Abbreviated WEAI was proposed to the Ministry as the most appropriate methodology. IFPRI has shared a concept note from a study carried out in Kenya as well as a toolkit. Agri-TAF worked with IFPRI and the Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (Re-SAKKS) to develop a concept note on the revised methodology for computing this index for Rwanda. A technical note on the practicability and conduct of the survey was also elaborated. Additionally, a technical note comparing A-WEAI and WEAI was also produced.

In March 2017, Agri-TAF produced a preliminary concept note on conducting an adapted WEAI (or A-WEAI) to provide a better baseline of the status of women’s empowerment in the agriculture sector. The aim was to develop a full Planning and Design proposal for a fundable project to include in the P4R budget support programme as a baseline for the PSTA4. This document is intended to be used in mobilizing resources in order to carry out the survey.